What is a python if else Statement

What are if...else statement in Python?

Decision making is required when we want to execute a code only if a certain condition is satisfied.
The if…elif…else statement is used in Python for decision making.

Python if Statement Syntax

if test expression:
    statement(s)
Here, the program evaluates the test expression and will execute statement(s) only if the text expression is True.
If the text expression is False, the statement(s) is not executed.
In Python, the body of the if statement is indicated by the indentation. Body starts with an indentation and the first unindented line marks the end.
Python interprets non-zero values as TrueNone and 0 are interpreted as False.

Python if Statement Flowchart

Flowchart of if statement in Python programming

Python if...else Statement

Syntax of if...else

if test expression:
    Body of if
else:
    Body of else
The if..else statement evaluates test expression and will execute body of if only when test condition is True.
If the condition is False, body of else is executed. Indentation is used to separate the blocks.

Python if..else Flowchart

Flowchart of if...else statement in Python Programming

Python if...elif...else Statement

Syntax of if...elif...else

if test expression:
    Body of if
elif test expression:
    Body of elif
else: 
    Body of else
The elif is short for else if. It allows us to check for multiple expressions.
If the condition for if is False, it checks the condition of the next elif block and so on.
If all the conditions are False, body of else is executed.
Only one block among the several if...elif...else blocks is executed according to the condition.
The if block can have only one else block. But it can have multiple elif blocks.

Flowchart of if...elif...else

Flowchart of if...elif....else in python programming

Python Nested if statements

We can have a if...elif...else statement inside another if...elif...else statement. This is called nesting in computer programming.
Any number of these statements can be nested inside one another. Indentation is the only way to figure out the level of nesting. This can get confusing, so must be avoided if we can.

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